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Petition FAQ (work)
Community Biomass Energy Centres

#1 Motivation
Yummy Grill
Grilled treats will save the atmosphere. How? By converting the free fuel that is rotting at your feet into BBQ gas.

It provides motivation and a clear plan.
Communities benefit from FREE Biomass Energy, improve Soil and Air Quality. Gasifiers and bio-Digesters stimulate your pocketbook, as well as the Local and the World Economy.

Biomass Energy powers BBQ, cooking, heating, refrigeration, HVAC, electricity generation, CNG currently fuels vehicles and fleets.

How to increase and optimize local capacity to produce Biomass Energy (organic fuels) using a century of technologies (done, perfected, patented, and forgotten). Discover how to use one billion years of competitive solar biotech to fuel your future.

Soil and Gas Economy

Groups involved in Biomass Energy (considerations):
Information • Biomass
• Groups
• Designs, Patents (old, new)
• Forums, Links
• Integrating multiple convenient energies
Biomass • Types
• Sources
• Processing
Places • Meetings (school, library, coffeeshop, )
• Experiments (inside/outside, school Lab, )
• Storage (equipment, materials, supplies, )
Tools • Simple tools, pipes, wrenches, welding.
• Access to workshops (welding, mechanical, )
• Tool rental.
Materials: New, scrapyards, recycle, re-use,
• Simple pipes, fittings, drums, containers of various sizes,
• Gas tubes and fittings.
• Cheap, affordable, and readily available.
People Local communities with knowledge, engineers,
tradespeople, firemen, scientists,
teachers, friends, willing apprentices.
More • Local business users and producers,
• Energy grid (Surplus)
• Local NGOs biomass rake-athon

Community Biomass Energy Centres
Why a Centre? The first mission is awareness, so that community forces can come to act on Biomass and to extract Energy, Biochar, and other useful subproducts.

Groups can be the administration of a community, enterprise, coops, and of various sizes.

All Groups are local independent, and their purpose is to establish the local capacities, resources, means, and sources of Biomass Energy.

What is Biomass? Biomass is a substance that was once an organic fiber, part of a tree or plant, algae, natural fibres, leaves, underbrush, grass, wood chips, cardboard, cloth, cherry pits, coconut husks, olive pits, ...

Biomass is an excellent source of hydrocarbons, they are the original source for gas, oil, tar and coal.

Plants throw Biomass away every year (very renewable).

Advantages Biomass is a renewable resource that can be used to create soil and clean fuel for numerous uses.

* Biomass is usable in any form: Wet (Digester) or Dry (Gasifier).
Disadvantages Biomass has to be gathered before use.
* Dry Biomass can be stored for a long time.

Biomass goes to waste if you don't pick it up, in a very short time in some climates.

Some forms of Biomass are seasonal, and even ephemeral (ex: cherry blossoms).

How does it work? Biomass = Soil and Gas
Biomass (Leaves) = Biochar (Soil)
+ Fuel (Gases)

There are 2 kinds of leaves (wet and dry). Luckily there are 2 technologies:
• Gasifier (Dry)
• Biodigester (Wet)

Both technologies produce "Combustible Gases" (like propane, methane, natural gas) that can be used for BBQ, cooking, heating, refrigeration, HVAC, and power generation.

These gases can also be refined into vehicle fuels, plastics, pharmaceuticals, and other synthetics.

Biomass is an excellent source of hydrocarbons, they are the original source for gas, oil, tar and coal.

What is a gasifier? Gasifiers are closed containers in which Dry Biomass is cooked, producing Combustible Gases (Fuels) until all that is left is Biochar (about 50/50).

The charring process can be powered with its own gas output (15%).

If an external source such as Solar Heat is used then more residual gases are preserved.

Advantages • Quick Process
• Small Footprint (not much space required)
• Residue (Biochar) is easy to handle

* Gasification is a faster process than biodigestion.

Disadvantages Biomass must be dry.

• Some energy must be expended to cook the biomass.

Digester (aka Biodigester)
What is a Digester? A Digester is a closed container where bacteria "digest" Wet Biomass and convert it into Combustible Gases (Fuels), leaving residual Slurry.

** A digester produces gases and slurry from a fermentation process, no external heat involved and no oxygen which is why methane is produced by anaerobic bacteria (rather than CO2 by aerobic bacteria because no oxygen is available).

Advantages • Digesters can handle wet material.
• The opportunity to find Wet Biomass is great.
• Slurry (and its minerals) is a good fertilizer.
Disadvantages • Slow Process
• Takes a lot of space
• Anaerobic bacteria are unable to process some Biomass (lignin).
• Slurry continues to decompose, emitting CO2 until it's all gone.
"Combustible Gases"
What are the gases used for? Combustible Gases are used for BBQ, cooking, heating, refrigeration, HVAC, and power generation, and are also refined into vehicle fuels (such as octane), plastics, pharmaceuticals, and other synthetics.
Is methane as good as natural gas?
Methane IS natural gas, CNG*, LNG*
* CNG: Compressed Natural Gas
* LNG: Liquid Natural Gas
Does it smell? The final gas fuel (methane) has no smell, the existing commercial distribution network adds mercaptan (rotten egg smell) to detect leaks.

Are combustible gases harmful for the environment? Combustible Gases burn cleaner than octane, diesel and coal, and produce more energy per CO2.

* DOE report
Are they good for the atmosphere? BBQed treats are always a good addition to the atmosphere. IMHO :)
What is biochar? Biochar is the residue from (dry) gasification. It's Charcoal. It promotes moisture and nutrition retention. Helps decrease soil erosion. This can be found in nature, after a forest fire. It's part of the cycle of clearing out forests and instigating massive regrowth.

Biochar is Charcoal Residue from gasifier wood gas production.

Biochar is the solid Carbon residue from Biomass distillation.

Biochar production can be accidental or intentional. Accidental is called forest fire (lotsa natural Biochar). Intentional Biochar production is more orderly and preserves wildlife, habitats, infrastructure, etc. (the benefits without the chaos)

*** Due to the porous structure of biochar it aids the construction of root systems by giving smaller roots systems access to nutrition and support creating a larger and more stable rooting of the plants grown with biochar.

Biochar Uses Biochar burns as organic charcoal.
Biochar is an excellent organic soil.
Biochar can be used to refill old coal mines (seq).
Biochar and the Environment Using Biomass directly, or combustible gases extracted from Biomass, as fuels for our economy...

Biochar does not contain sulfur, arsenic, or uranium.

Combustible Gases produced from Biomass do not contain sulfur, arsenic, or uranium.

Advantages Biochar is quick to make / rapid processing (see links section)
• Low footprint
Biochar sequesters carbon for a long time (400 million years)
Biochar Soil holds on to water and nutrients
Biochar reduces soil erosion

"Biochar may have the ability to mitigate drought by increasing soil moisture, while decreasing soil erosion and nutrient leaching." -
Disadvantages Biochar is not biodegradable!

Biochar sequesters carbon for a long time (400 million years)
Biochar is best soaked with fertilizer prior to use (see links)
What is slurry? Slurry is the residue of the biodigestion of Biomass. It is composed mostly of slow-rotting Biomass (such as lignin), and minerals from whatever Biomass was converted to gases.

Advantages Keeps its nutrients, so it can be used as fertilizer.

Disadvantages Some Biomass such as lignin is not broken down by anaerobic bacteria. Instead it continues to decompose, emitting CO2 until there is nothing left.

Soft Denialist
"Soft Denialists" Pickups "Soft Denialists"
Often "SD" earns a living using a vehicle such as a pick-up truck, lovely creatures but their svelte lines disguise a suprisingly voracious appetite...

Good News from the Past.
(an olde source of feed for pick-up trucks)

"Wood Gas"
Before World War II, most european countries did not have or produce much volume of petroleum fuels. Many vehicles, motors and generators ran on "Wood Gas". This process involves cooking Wood (distilling) to separate the remaining charcoal for the output of Combustible Gases including some water vapour, oils and tars. Other gases such as N2, CO and CO2 are often contained in the "Production Gas" and can be refined away to increase the density of fuels and higher performance in combustion engines.

Many vehicles (300,000/USA) today, now operate on CNG, LNG, LP. Such vehicles can easily transition or dual fuel to accept refined Biomass gases.

Co-ops of small vehicles, farms, rural residents financially benefit from harvesting Biomass fuels in their community. The otherwise spent currency for Fuels that did not need to be purchased outside of the locality, re-appear as new money (as an investment that can be spent again second time).

POLL: Pick Up Trucks
POLL: Pick Up Trucks
POLL: Pick Up Trucks
When owners of F-150, RAM, ... were asked if they would gather/transport 1/2 ton of Biomass to the local Public Gasifier Station to receive a credit for 400 pounds of Combustible Gases? The majority did not respond Y or N, they simply asked "Where?". Sadly, we had to reply: When?

We asked one PickUp owner what if HE starts using Green Gas wouldn't HE be afraid of being called "a Greenie"?
He replied: "Bring it on. I'm (Ford) though."

*** Special Note *** The vehicle fleet owned by small enterprises in alliance with NGOs to gather Biomass as fund raising, can together kick start their local economy (even more in outlying areas).

Burrard Plant
Burrard Plant Burrard Thermal Power Plant "Burrard Power Plant" (BCHydro, Port Moody, BC) noSmoke
• Biomass collection/storage Indian Arm +MVancouver)
• Adjunct Gasifier (pomoo)
• Wind Sail/Mill + Pgas + Flywheel
• Flywheel... stage.compressor... low.Therm...
• DX + low.therm = separate (H2,CO2,CH4,C3H8, ...)

"Burrard Energy Integration Research Institute" where further explorations into multiple co-generation using wind and solar to "dry" and "cook" biomass into sterilized nanosoil and bioMethane. This organic natural gas is used as fuel to power the Burrard generator. The scrubbed smoke (leaving organic CO2) is cooled to room temperature to pre-heat the steam input, recovering heat lost to get the smoke out of the air shed. Pre-stored energies (wind,wave) are used to compress CO2 and produce Dry Ice to deliver frigories to freeze produce in greenhouses while releasing organic bio CO2 to feed plants. Wind energy captured using sails (not egg beaters) flowed through compressors to store pressurize air, flywheel, ... Floaters of various geometries study the Wave energies captured and store as air pressure, or vertically stacked counter-spinning horizontal flywheels, ...

Incinerators Regional authorities can use Biomass to supplement the economics of their garbage cogeneration incinerators.

"metro vancouver - gold river - 2010 or 2009"

Solid Waste CoGenerator
Solid Waste CoGenerator MetroVancouver Solid Waste to Energy Incinerator.

The CoGenerator project was accused of "needing" garbage to "fuel" the incinerator to produce power to pay the long financial debt.

"Reduce . ReUse . Recycle" Lost at Large! maybe not. Separate flows of biomass (to preserve the intergrety of ashes) as fuel can fill in where/when "garbage" is at a "premium"...

Lafarge / Xmas Trees
Lafarge / Xmas Trees LAFARGE and XMAS Trees:

Vancouver, January every year
The city schedules mulching stations to shred Xmas trees for uses such as Parks. This material releases CO2 until it completely decomposed over many years leaving a small amount of minerals.

*** Note: the Fire Department will confirm that Xmas trees can be extremely DRY.

Cement or Power incinerators can use this DRY Biomass to energize their processes, substituting other regular fuels. NGOs can use this kind of opportunity for fund raising.

Leaf Days
Leaf Days "Leaf Days"

CoGeneration Incinerators can produce power using Biomass. Normally, the ashes must be land filled (toxic), whereas Biomass ashes can be re-used as fertilizer (asset instead of cost).

Individuals (rural, urban) can collect Dry Biomass and easily keep it dry.

When an NGO needs some funding it can call for a "Leaf Day": Folks fill larger containers at the community centre with their preserved dry leaves, grasses, ...

Fuji Power God
Fuji Power God Japan has lovely Cherry Blossom.

After Nature's wonderful show followed by a carpet of pink petals, the ground turns brown as the Biomass dries or rots. Again in both cases, it is possible to recover the situation by capturing or extracting the combustible gases and a major improvement to the garden.

Japan has in many climates a variety of indigenous plants that produce large quantities of ephemeral Biomass. Biochar is favored due to the structure it provides to soil in addition to bioavailability.

* Biochar is not biodegradeable (Seq. for eons).

Tar Sands
Tar Sands The Canadian Economy is an interesting case:
The impact of the OIL economy on the rise of the candian Dollar ($CDN), has stiffled several key economic sectors in Canada (forest products(sea2sea), manufacturing(ON)). The best direction to develop the economy is internally, providing which products and services to Who? Producing green fuels and increasing the productivity and resistance of the soil to climate change (biochar).

Canada's daily tar production is about the size of the Olympic stadium in Vancouver, BC. In areas across the country (mostly in the most remote regions) Biomass can be charred to gas fuels for local use (reducing local imports both cost and transport) and export to the international (not affected by Dollar), and internally (TarSands require massive amount of natural gas energy to process).

TarSands need 50% Prairie Gas and quickly increasing to 100%. As the need goes beyond 100%, a process involving water to produce lighter fuel to cook the Tars, will be used, as required.

Economic proposal:
Canadians collect and process biomass at an average of TWO (2) stadiums per day, resulting in ONE(1) stadium of Biochar. Thus sequestering the equivalent of the TarSands, yet also enough green gases to power the project and the country's other energy needs (exports?).

Keystone Pipeline
Keystone Pipeline Keystone Pipeline (Full Duplex?)
(?)The pipeline itself seems to have passed the environmental assessment on its own basis. The current "Green" issue seems to be the access to a gigantic fossil carbon source. This can be mitigated by biomass energy and by biochar sequestration, not only in Canada, but also in the USA (much biomass is also available). Americans can harvest (char and gasify). Excesses can be pipelined north to green the "Octanes" that return.

Corn Stalks
Corn Stalks Cornfield USA - CORN Stalks

Phase I - Burn Corn Stalks (as Coal)
- 53% of USA electricity produced by Coal
- Dried Corn stalks contains sunpower minus the fossil pollutants (U, As, S, ...) equals better air, better ashes (re-use "pot ash").
- Disadvantages:
- carting
- soil erosion

Phase II - Burn Gas (Char Corn in Field, )
- Residual agricultural materials store extra solar energy (as they dry). On site, fuel gases are released by mobile gasifiers and biochar is returned to the soil (adding to structure).
* Once CO2 and N2 removed, the remaining fuels could be airlifted to power plant or pipeline head.

Gases for the Masses
The FREE fuels in the gasification process are an economic stimulus we can use right now to create work and real money (GDP). The 50% Carbon Tax is not as painful when it is filling their gas tank directly or indirectly - raw fuels often have use somewhere in the local economy, or justify further refining.

Half-Life of Compost
Half-Life of Compost  
Myth of Soil
Myth of Soil Compost completely rots away, then minerals wash away.
Peace River - Site "C"
Peace River - Site "C" Flooding VS. BioSalvage

Hydro Dams are said to produce clean electricity as long as we don't forget the flooded areas. Drowned biomass (anaerobic) produces methane for a very long time.

Remedy. Allow bioSalvage, so that anyone without cost may retrieve biomass from the to be flooded areas.

Refinery / Co-op
Refinery / Co-op Existing refineries may find extra business, coming from small specialized fuel co-ops, requiring transformation of the raw gases that they're bringing in, into high octane, vaseline, hydrogen, etc.

By providing gasifiers to their partners, refineries may establish long term commercial relationships.

Algae Blooms
Algae Blooms Harvesting algae blooms caused by fertilizer runoff into to watersheds is a viable source of Wet Biomass. This algae uses up so much oxygen at night that it creates "dead zones" where there isn't enough oxygen for anything to live. This excess algae could instead be harvested as a large source of Wet Biomass without hurting the environment.

Compost/Mulch "If you Compost, You a Half Way There!"

In fact you've done all the work. Don't walk away from the paycheck! Your composting Biomass (or mulching) is venting CO2, instead of collecting combustible fuels (valuable energy) that is used for BBQ, cooking, HVAC, ...

Just Put a Cover on your Compost and Don't let the Green Money get away!

Farms (big, small), rural residents, suburbs, golf courses, parks, ...

Private or Collective Gasifiers, Digesters.

Farms • A farm of any operation any size, needs its own gasification systems (wet and dry).

• Several smaller operations (farms, rural residents) can easily justify (ROI) co-op gasification systems, for their own use or even export.

• Large farms can easily supply their Biomass energy systems and several energy needs, their own internal uses, and nearby restaurants and other farms, commercial users.


Landscapers • Gather Biomass from customers' sites
• Put Gas in pickup instead of paying to get rid of it
• Put Biochar back to make plants grow nice and fast.
Hikers portable gasifier stove = douse well when done, humidity kills forest fires

**(img of smoky bear)
Forestry Renewable jobs making fuel for BBQ, cooking, heat, refrig, vehicle, generator, refinery and power plants.

Who Benefits, and How?
Suburban Uses: BBQ, Cooking, Heating, Cooling, Fuel

Source: Garden Waste, Tree Trimmings and Leaves, Lawn Clippings

Equipment: either closed circuit gasifier/char, or neighborhood return-it/co-op processing center, wind refinery (compression)

Rural BBQ, Cooking, Heating, Cooling, Fuel
Green Spaces
Green Spaces • Farms
• Parks
• Golf Courses
• Graveyards
• Equestrian
Commercial Users
Commercial Users • Businesses = Building Heat/HVAC, Vehicle Fuel
• Restaurants = Cooking, Refrigeration, Fuel (for deliveries)
• Transport = Fuel, (sometimes) Refrigeration
• Industrial = Heat Processes
Why do NGOs in particular want this, as a economic entity?
Why do NGOs in particular want this, as a economic entity? "Sustainable fundraising" with a guaranteed customer base...
Not everybody wants chocolate; fuel is always welcome.

NGOs should use Biomass (leaves) for charity, because chocolate bars don't grow on trees.

Any one or all of these reasons may motivate you:
• Free BBQ gas and other fuels
• Give it all to charity - they can use the fuel or sell it
• Green Green Green! Its good for the earth
• Greed Greed Greed! Sell it to energy companies or direct to market

People who already consume propane and natural gas
Friends who have no use for it but don't mind picking up biomass for you or charity

Gasification Centers can vary in size to meet the needs of a small or large group of people. The technology is very versatile.

What about global warming? Biochar removes carbon dioxide from the air

Rotting Biomass has a massive CO2 and methane footprint, many times more than human sources.

Using fallen Biomass as Fuel produces (at worst) the same amount of CO2, and allows us to avoid burning Fossil Fuels instead.

"If my car eats grass, it's a cow."
What about fossil pollutants? Biomass is not a significant source of sulfur, arsenic, uranium, and other fossil pollutants.
Why not Compost or Mulch? Compost and mulch make CO2.

What about soil? Biochar produces better soil.

"Do you compost, then you're half way there."

Benefits • Picking up Biomass helps prevent forest fires
Biochar improves the soil
 consists of 
  - Exclusive Rights granted by a sovereign state 
     to an inventor for a "limited period of time" 
     "in exchange"
     for the full public disclosure of an invention.

  * After this time, the patent "as-it-is-described" 
    becomes "public domain", and can be used without 
    any fees (typically 20 years).

• Wood
• Gas
• did this just appear?
• is this new?
• why are we only now hearing about it?
ww2 wood gas used chopped down trees and dried them using cooking, then gasified them... we can use dry leaves, plant fiber scraps of all kinds, leftovers, ...

. "you leave it, you lose it"
. "waste not, want not"
. "the free fuel rotting at your feet is wasting the air"
. "chocolate bars don't grow on trees"
. There's a backlog of fallen Biomass, both wet and dry.
. One of the reasons why, is the ever present and ever renewing Biomass.
Do you compost, then you're half way there.
If my car eats grass, it's a cow.

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